Kamis, 23 Mei 2019

What is the safe skin care for pregnant and nursing mothers?

For many women, routine care for the skin and face is a must. Morning cream, night, acne cream, mask, serum, until lulur, often taken to make skin clean and well maintained. But what about when women are in the stage of pregnancy or breastfeeding? Can a variety of treatments still be done? Most will choose to reduce, or even stop routine maintenance for the skin. The reason is that they are worried that the ingredients in the cosmetics are absorbed by the body and transmitted to the fetus or to the baby through breast milk. This is done by Wiwin, a young mother who lives in the area of Cijantung, East Jakarta. Before becoming pregnant, she diligently used a series of skincare products from a well-known aesthetic clinic in Jakarta. They include night cream, morning cream, milk and toner cleaners, and facial soap. One range of treatments usually runs out within 1.5 months. If the product is depleted, Wiwin returns a visit to buy the product, while doing routine facials. But since the positive pregnant in 2016 then, he decided to stop doing treatment until after breastfeeding. The beauty products are newly reused when the child is 2 years old. "Sherem wears Gitu cream, afraid of her babies why. So take the safe first, "said Wiwin. READ ALSO: Benefits of apple vinegar for skin care facial Methods Douching, safe for vaginal care? Wiwin is not alone in the feeling of anxiety. The results of the study conducted by C├ęcile Marie, et al also had a similar concern. In the paper  "Changes in Cosmetics Use during Pregnancy and Risk Perception by Women " (2016), researchers observed the perception of women's risk of using beauty products while pregnant. A total of 128 women became subjects of research, consisting of 60 women not pregnant, and 68 pregnant women. The use of cosmetics is identified for 28 beauty products. The results showed some women intend to change their nursing routines during pregnancy. This research also shows the preference of nail polish usage that decreases during pregnancy, compared to the previous period. "50 percent of women considered the use of cosmetics as a risk during pregnancy and 65 percent claimed to be paying attention to the instructions (composition and way of use) on the product," wrote four researchers of the paper. In fact, at the same time with the cessation of treatment, hormonal changes occur during the pregnancy and lactation phases. These conditions can spur a wide variety of problems on the skin, and can even appear in individuals who have never had a complaint before. Pina Bozzo, et al. in the report titled "Safety of Skin Care Products During Pregnancy " (2011), calls many women to complain of acne disorder and hair growth while pregnant. During pregnancy, the female body experiences many physiological changes, including elevated levels of androgens. In women, this hormone serves to treat, repair tissues of the reproductive organs, and affect fertility. Excessive production of androgen hormones can trigger rough hair growth and not be in the proper place, such as whiskers, beards, in the upper chest, abdomen, or thighs. "Acne and hair can deteriorate and new emerging since the pregnant phase," wrote this research.
How to choose a safe treatment speaking of safety and skin care problems during pregnancy and lactation, a physician from a beauty clinic in the United States, Charlene DeHaven, stated that the condition relies on the exposure of products to the skin. In the Aesthetics Journal page, he explained that the skin is biologically designed as a barrier for foreign substances into the body. The skin has a thick coating, the outer layer of the epidermis is very resistant to exposure to foreign substances. In addition, the epidermis only has a few veins. To achieve a lot of blood vessels, the substance must go through a thick layer to reach the dermis. The combination of a thick layer of skin and lack of blood vessels into the body guard fortress from the penetration of foreign substances. "In general, most skin care products are not absorbed into the body, so in general, safe," he said. Even so, there are some ingredients that are specially designed to penetrate the skin barrier. DeHaven encapsulates several substances that need to be avoided and can be used for treatment during pregnancy and lactation. First is the hydroquinone, a substance that is widely used as a skin brightening material. Because of its small molecular size, it can penetrate the skin, enter capillary circulation tissue, and circulate through the bloodstream. The potential of the toxic effect is estimated at 35-45 percent absorbed after topical use in humans.
Secondly, vitamin A and Tretinoin. During pregnancy, A dose of vitamin A should be below 25,000 IU. Meanwhile, researchers and health experts still argue whether Tretinoin could risk making a disabled baby when born. Third, hydroxyacids, including its derivatives: AHA and BHA. The amount of concentration, application time, and pH formula of this substance affects the absorption through the skin. Some research mentions that hydroxyacids can make problems with the fetus's cardiovascular system when used during the third trimester of pregnancy. READ ALSO: Derma Skin Care price of hundreds of thousands per package not quite merely plastic surgery to be a Korean star as a treatment during pregnancy and lactation, DeHaven suggests several alternative products such as benzoyl peroxide. This substance is often used for acne medications, and is generally considered safe during pregnancy and lactation. Women also can still use sunscreen. Its composition consists of zinc oxide and titanium dioxide is considered safe for pregnancy and lactation phase because it does not penetrate the skin barrier. Lastly, topical antibiotics, the drug is often prescribed for acne. The short-term use of topical antibiotics is considered safe, and is not detected in blood circulation after application. Kardiana Purnama Dewi, a practicing dermatologist in RSPI, adds that the use of care products such as night and morning creams, moisturizers, facial soaps tend to be safe to use during pregnancy and lactation. Nevertheless, Purnama underlined: No product is definitely set safe for pregnant and nursing mothers. Because, during this product safety research never involved the two groups of women. This means that the safety of care products during pregnancy and lactation is still in the grey area. "Hence cons relative indication, all new based theory. But the general treatment is relatively safe, "Kardiana said.

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