Early symptoms of HIV – do not Underestimate and Beware!

The more the rising cases of HIV/AIDS response and exposure in the mass media of course set our curiosity about how the early symptoms of HIV. Based on data obtained from the infectious disease control Ministry of health of the Republic of Indonesia, the number of cases of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) has increased in the last ten years. The increase because more and more communities are wary of the dangers of HIV/AIDS so that want to perform tests to find out its status.

The society initially tested only key groups who allegedly vulnerable contracted HIV/AIDS, like heterosexual couples who have sex not safe, people who use drugs using a hypodermic syringe is not sterile, and homosexuals. But now HIV/AIDS tests can be done on the general population, such as housewives who now also became one of the groups that are at risk of having HIV/AIDS.

The Government is working with the various parties also repeatedly doing outreach to prevent transmission of the virus is more broadly. In fact, public awareness about HIV/AIDS are also touching young boys, with the consideration that most of the young people in Indonesia still do not fully understand the spread of HIV/AIDS as well as the early symptoms of HIV.

Overview of the HIV Virus Causes AIDS and early symptoms of HIV
HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The virus weakens the immune system of the human body by means of attack and destroy white blood cells that fight infection. White blood cells are like soldiers who stand guard at the front line to fight viral infections or bacteria that invade the body. Adekuatnya no white blood cells in the human body would make it vulnerable to developing serious infections and certain types of cancer.

HIV can be found in body fluids of a person infected with this virus. Bodily fluid in question i.e. fluids sperm, vaginal fluid, the liquid is the anus, blood and breast milk. That is why HIV can be transmitted through several ways: unsafe sex (including oral sex and sex AIDS use interchangeably), from mother to infant (either during pregnancy, childbirth, or while breastfeeding when), blood transfusion of those infected, as well as the use of syringes included gear penunjangnya interchangeably. HIV cannot be transmitted through sweat or urine.

AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, which is the final stage of HIV infection. Thus, it can be concluded that not all people living with HIV are automatically developed AIDS. Symptoms of HIV depends on the steps, which consists of three stages.
In the first stage, the early symptoms of HIV is similar to if someone is experiencing swelling of the lymph nodes or the flu. The symptoms that arise can include fever, chills, a red rash on the skin, a lot of night sweats, muscle aches, sore throat, fatigue, swollen lymph glands, and there are sores in the mouth.

These symptoms usually arise in time 2-4 week after infection with the HIV virus. Even so, some people may not feel anything at this stage. At this stage, when someone does HIV testing may show negative results, but the fact that someone who is on the first stage of HIV infection are very high chances to pass it on to other people.

Following the early symptoms of HIV, after the first stage of the disease and then moving on to the next stage called the clinical latency stage (sometimes also referred to as chronic HIV infection). At this stage, HIV is still active and reproduce at a very low level. Someone at this stage will not experience symptoms associated with HIV, therefore many are not aware that they are actually infected with HIV.

This second stage can last for ten years or more (for those who do not consume antiretroviral), although at some stage it could have lasted much shorter. While not revealing any symptoms, people with HIV at this stage can pass the virus on to others. For those undergoing antiretroviral therapy to suppress HIV levels in the blood, the possibility to transmit the virus.

If someone is infected with HIV and antiretroviral therapy do not get, eventually the virus will undermine the body's endurance and will develop into AIDS, the late stage of HIV infection. In contrast to the early symptoms of HIV only attacks resemble the flu, on the final stage of this symptom arising seem more real, like for example: a significant weight loss, fever that occurs repeatedly, at night sweating very much, the taste was very very tired and hard-sought cause, swollen lymph nodes.

Other symptoms that arise at this late stage is diarrhea that lasts up to a week or more, pneumonia, and abnormalities in the nervous system. Oral, anal, or genital area usually perlukaan. In the skin or under the skin usually reddish coloured patches, there are Brown, or purplish.

Detect any HIV in the body
To find out if you are infected with HIV don't just merely by relying on symptoms that arise. Moreover, the symptoms that arise very general so that it could be related to other diseases. To that end, if you are at risk of HIV-infected, immediately went to the nearest hospital or clinic to do HIV testing. HIV testing is voluntary and confidential.

Before doing the test, a person will usually be given counseling first. The aim of counselling is to discuss the patterns of everyday life, and assess the level of risk of infection. On this counseling would also be discussed about how to deal with HIV test results in a proven positive. If HIV testing showed positive results, you will then be referred to a specialist or hospital clinic for HIV.

Until today there is no drug that can completely eliminate HIV. However, the choice of the current therapies are effective in inhibiting the development of viruses and virus levels so that the presses in the blood remain low. With the therapy, coupled with a series of other healthy lifestyle patterns (consume healthy food, avoid smoking, getting an annual flu vaccine and pneumococcal vaccine every five years), the possibilities for developing dangerous diseases due to AIDS can be suppressed.

The fact that up to now there has been no drugs that can cure HIV/AIDS makes this disease like a scourge for everyone. However, that does not mean there is nothing we can do. Each of us can do HIV prevention measures, have sex safely with just one partner and never share needles and injecting equipment with anyone.

We can also involve themselves with a variety of public awareness to ensure that the public at large, particularly the groups at risk of HIV-infected, getting the right information about the disease. So the article can be presented about HIV/AIDS, which includes stages of disease, early symptoms of HIV, the following prevention and its detection. May be useful for all of us.

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